VT Develops Visual Skill

1. Tracking: ability to move the eyes smoothly to follow an object while at the same time think, talk, read, or listen without losing alignment of the eyes. This ability is used to do things like: follow a ball or person, to guide a pencil while writing, to read symbols on moving objects.2. Fixation: ability to keep both eyes locked on target together an to control shifting gaze to different objects.This is a skill used to do things like reading words from left to right, add columns of numbers, read maps.

3. Focus Change: the ability to make vision clear instantly from far to close and easily look between any different distances while at the same time look for meaning and obtain understanding from the symbols or objects seen. This ability is used to do things like: copy from the board at school, watch the road ahead while driving, scan around a room.

4. Binocularity: the ability to coordinate the two eyes together as a cohesive team. This skill allows for accurate depth perception and interpretation of our environment. It prevents us from having double vision. It should work so well that there is no interference between the two eyes that can result in having to mentally block (suppress) the information from one eye. When binocularity is compromised it lowers understanding and performance speed, increases fatigue and distractibility, and shortens attention span. Proper teaming permits vision to emerge and learning to occur.

5. Peripheral Vision (side vision): ability to see over a large area around you (in the periphery) while pointing the eyes straight ahead. This is used for monitoring and interpreting what’s going on around you while you are using your center vision for something else. This is critical for things like locating where things are and directing attention and focus, for moving around in the environment, self-confidence, and efficient reading by knowing easily where they are on a page while reading and to take in a large amount of words with each look.

6. Depth Perception: ability to accurately see three-dimensional space and judge relative distances of objects, allowing the ability to see in depth. This skill is important to reach and grab things to pick up, to play sports, to walk around without bumping into things, to drive and park a car.

7. Controlled Attention: the ability to sustain and shift visual attention appropriately with ease and flexibility, without interfering with the performance of other skills. This is important to reduce distractibility and maintain visual focus. It’s also important to maintain visual awareness of surroundings without becoming hyper-focused on a specific activity.

8. Near Vision Focus: ability to see clearly within arm’s length. This is essential for all reading and writing tasks as well as any kind of close up work or activity.

9. Distance Vision: ability to see clearly for far distance, usually measured at 20 feet. It is possible to have 20/20 eyesight meaning clear distance vision and still have problems with visual skill in any of the other areas of the visual process causing significant functional impairment.

10. Visualization: ability to form mental images in your mind, either from a memory or a newly created idea or from words on a page when reading. This is your ‘mind’s eye’, used to assist understanding and assists in reading comprehension.